Elephants are mammals, and the largest land animals alive today. African elephants, are currently found in 37 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The African elephant is typically larger than the Asian and has a concave back. Africans' ears are much larger and are shaped like the continent of their origin. Both sexes of African elephants have long tusks, while male and female Asian elephants have shorter tusks, those in females being almost non-existent.